分三步走: A three-step roadmap:
Step 1: By 2020, China will have become an innovative country and basically completed a national innovation system with Chinese characteristics that can provide significant support in finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.
Step 2: By 2030, we will have joined the ranks of leading innovative countries, achieved a fundamental shift in the driving forces of development, and increased the level of economic and social development and international competitiveness by a notable margin, thus laying a solid foundation for building a strong economy and a society of common prosperity.
Step 3: By 2050, China will have become a country strong on scientific and technological innovation, a major global hub for science and a leading country for innovation, providing strong support for finishing building a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, and harmonious, and for realizing the Chinese Dream of the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The transformation to innovation-driven development will be systematic. A new system of drives for development should be established based on “the two-wheel drive, one system, and six transitions.”
“Two-wheel drive” means that the “two wheels”—scientific and technological innovation and institutional innovation—are synchronized and in constant motion.
“One system” refers to the national innovation system.
六大转变： Six Transitions
A transition in the growth model from extensive growth based on expanding scale to sustainable development based on quality and efficiency;
A transition in the driving force of development from traditional factors to innovation;
A transition in the industrial sector from the medium-low end to the medium-high end of the value chain;
A transition in innovation capabilities, moving from being a follower to being part of the leading pack or a frontrunner;
A transition in the allocation of resources from a focus on research and development to balanced distribution among the industrial chain, innovation chain, and capital chain;
A transition in the innovation makers from the minority of science and technology professionals to the interaction between the minority and the public on innovation and entrepreneurship.
Promote innovation in industrial technologies and cultivate new development advantages
New-generation information network technologies will be developed to better allow information technology to underpin economic and social development.
Intelligent and green manufacturing technologies will be developed to help our manufacturing move up the value chain.
Modern agricultural technologies that are eco-friendly, green, efficient and safe will be developed to ensure food security and safety.
Safe, clean, and efficient modern energy technologies will be developed to facilitate energy production and the consumer revolution.
We will work to develop resource-efficient and green technologies and create a resource-conserving and environmentally friendly society.
Advanced and appropriate marine and space technologies will be developed to foster a marine and a space economy.
Technologies for building smart cities and a digital society will be developed to advance people-centered new urbanization.
Advanced, effective, safe, and convenient healthcare technologies will be developed to address major diseases and population aging.
Modern service technologies will be developed to support innovations in business models so as to move toward a more advanced pattern of economic growth.
Disruptive technologies enabling industrial transformation will be developed, creating new industries and job opportunities.
Stimulate original innovation to increase sources of supply
Improve the planning of regional innovation to forge local growth poles
Deepen military-civilian integration and interaction to promote innovation
Empower innovation makers to steer innovative development
Implement major programs and projects, and achieve a leap in progress in key areas
Develop teams of high-caliber professionals to build a strong foundation for innovation
Allow innovation and business startup to stimulate creativity throughout society